Johan Albert

Johan Albert Rusche

Born: September 27, 1907
Solo (Surakarta) Indonesia

Johan was the eleventh child of
Albert and Diena Rusche

His siblings were:

  1. Alberta Wilhelmina (Bertha) Samuels de Wilde
  2. Roelof Willem Albert (Willem) Rusche
  3. Johannes Phillippus Cornelis (Jootje) Rusche
  4. Diena Anna Magdalena Theodora (Annie)
  5. Albert Willem Roelof Rusche
  6. Julius Cornelis Alexander Augustus (Alex) Rusche
  7. Theodorus Willem Albert (Theo) Rusche
  8. Alberdina (Dina) Doesburg
  9. Cornelis Marinus Alwin Albert (Alwin) Rusche
  10. Adolph Heinrich Christiaan (Ade) Rusche

Johan’s father was Albert Rusche, born in Amsterdam on July 28, 1851

    • Albert married Diena Jansen in 1884 in Bogor, just South of Jakarta.
    • He owned a store and publishing house, “Albert Rusche & Co.
    • Albert died in 1931 in Solo.
    • Diena passed away Oct 11 1934

Albert’s father was Roelof Rusche (1823-1858)
and his father was
 Albert Rusche (1803-1870)
and his father was 
Rudolphus Spurtus (Roelof) Rusche (1778 -1808)
and his father was 
Albert Rusche (1738 -1798)
and his father was 
Roeloff Rusche (1688 -1770)
All from Amsterdam, Netherlands

1907 – 1930

Grew up in the former Dutch colony for 300 years called The Dutch East Indies , now known as Indonesia. He lived in Solo (Surakarta) in the West and Central part of the island of Java, the stronghold of the Dutch occupancy. He worked at the Rusche Family businesses.



Albert Rusche & Co. – Sorakarta (Solo)
Dutch East Indies premier publishing house

Albert Rusche & Co.
– Sorakarta (Solo)

The Rusche Hotel renovated its building and installed electricity for its 36 rooms (Advertisement DNV  6 November 1903)

1930 – 1938

July 9, 1931

Albert Rusche passed away in Solo.

Oct 11, 1934

Diena Rusche passed away in Solo.

June 24, 1938

Johan Albert Rusche and Constance Anna Herrebrugh become engaged.

April 10, 1941

 Johan marries Constance Anna Herrebrugh in Batavia, now known as Central Jakarta.

 They were soon drawn into the early stages of World War II.


K.N.I.L. (Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force)

Photo Services
Landstrom Sergeant
(Civilian Militia Sergeant)

World War II

1941 – 1942

The Empire of Japan advanced in their Dutch East Indies campaign invading Indonesia.

December 8, 1941

In a public proclamation, the Netherlands declares war on Japan.

March 9, 1942

The Netherlands, Dutch East Indies surrenders to Japan. 
Johan goes in hiding for 5 months until  captured.

April 1942

Conny and her mother Anna Minke Herrebrugh were interned in the Japanese Civilian camps.

July 29, 1942

Johan was captured as a Prisoner of War by the Empire of Japan.

1942 – 1945

Johan was a Prisoner of War by the Empire of Japan and sent to internment camps throughout World War II. He was on the famous Junyo Maru that was torpedoed with  6500 POWs, slaves and crew. 5620 perished in the waters off southwest Sumatra – making it the largest maritime disaster of World War II! 

Out of 2,220 allied POWs on the Junyo Maru, 723 survived and only 96 survived after the war!
Johan was amongst the 96!

>> Please see the NEW detailed WWII Section HERE

Continue to Johan Albert after WWII >>


Conny’s Step-father, Jacobus Johannes Bernardus Josephus Herrebrugh (Papa Jacq) (1887-1945) also dies in the war.

August 17, 1945

Indonesian independence from the Dutch proclaimed.

November 1945

Johan is released as POW.


Reunited with Conny. They moved to Bandung in Central Java, which was also a Dutch stronghold.

The city of Bandung is 768 metres (2,520 ft) above sea level and is surrounded by up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) high volcanic terrain. The 400 km² flat of central Bandung plain is situated in the middle of 2,340.88 km² wide of the Bandung Basin. The northern part of the city is hillier than the rest, with the distinguished truncated flat-peak shape of the Tangkuban Perahu volcano (Tangkuban Perahu literally means ‘up-turned boat’) can be seen from the city to the north. Due to its geological condition, the land is very fertile, the Parahyangan Mountains surrounding Bandung supports productive tea plantations which create a beautiful and tranquil panorama. Due to its elevation, the climate in Bandung is cooler than most Indonesian cities and can be classified as humid; the average temperature is 23.6 °C (74.5 °F) throughout the year. The average annual rainfall ranges from 1,000 millimetres in the central and southeast regions to 3,500 millimetres in the north of the city. The wet season conforms with other Indonesian regions, around November to April.

The British took over the authority and prepared for the re-establishment of the Dutch
government. A temporary agreement made afterwards resulted in the division of
Bandung into two areas, the north and the south. These segments were separated by the

The Dutch took over the power for three years again.

Continued by the independence war during the period of 1945 – 1950, the city was finally
seriously deteriorated. Many clashes against the return of colonialism took place in
several regions including Bandung. In 1946, a new agreement was reached, which
mentioned that armed people were prohibited to enter the boundaries set up 11 km from
the city centre. Consequently, the Indonesian troops repositioned to the rural hinterland
followed by a rush of the natives. Although in this city the clashes lasted less than half a
year, it brought serious damages to the city. Bandung was even called “Lautan Api” (the
sea of fire) because of the terrible devastation caused by the guerrilla strategy of
sabotages and scorched earth by Indonesian battlers.


Johan becomes a teacher at the Electrical Technical School in Bandung. Teachers and professors are among the few Dutch Nationalists that remain in Indonesia.

Violence had also increased toward the former Dutch occupiers that had remained in the strive for independence.

November 1946
Conny becomes pregnant.

July 1947
Conny gives birth to my sister, Joyce Margeriet in Bandung.

The Netherlands recognizes the Indonesian state.

After the De-Hague Conference in 1949, the Dutch had to leave Indonesia. This conference resulted in a change of Indonesia into a federal country that contained some autonomous states.


The drive for Indonesian independence spurred violence toward the former Dutch occupiers and the family flees on refugee boat for refuge back to The Netherlands.